Speed limitations and deaths on roads in the world

Here is the list of speed limits by country and the number of fatalities per 1,000,000 inhabitants, including the maximum blood alcohol tolerance on the road:

First of all Western and / or developed countries:

CountryResidential zonesCitiesOutside cities (km/h)On expressways (km/h)On highways (km/h)Maximum alcohol level (g/l)Dead per million per year
Liechtenstein5080--0.826
Sweden50801001200.228
UK3248971131130.829
San Marino5090110-0.832
Switzerland5080801200.533
Netherlands50801001300.534
Denmark5080801300.535
Israel5080901100.536
Monaco50---0.537
Spain50901001200.537
Norway5080801000.238
Ireland50801001200.541
Germany3050100100illimitée0.543
Iceland508090-0.446
Japan50507080047
Finland501001001200.548
Malta5080--0.851
France3050901101300.551
Cyprus5080801000.952
Austria30501001001300.554
Australia50601001101300.554
Canada305090901000.560
Italy50901101300.561
Belgium2050901201200.567
Andorra4090--0.876
Portugal50901001200.578
Luxembourg5090901300.587
Greece50901101300.591
South Korea6080801100.595
United States48721051051200.8106
South Africa601001001200.5251

The average death per million inhabitants in developed countries is 59.

Average speed limits below 50 deaths per year for 1 million inhabitants:
Residential zones: 31 km / h, town: 50 km / h, outside built-up area: 83 km / h, expressway: 93 km / h, highway: 114 km / h.

Average speed limits above 50 deaths per year for 1 million inhabitants:
Residential zones: 34 km / h, city: 53 km / h, outside built-up area: 91 km / h, expressway: 100 km / h, highway: 121 km / h.

Germany

Germany is undoubtedly the only country on Earth to offer unlimited speed on the highway. The limitations out of agglomeration are superior to those of France and the number of deaths is however the same. How can that be? we can suggest that the car fleet is much stronger overall. A question of education, no doubt. And that unlimited sections remain quite rare. We must also see that there are about 6 times more injuries on the road, which goes in the direction of greater safety of cars but a more accidental side of roads.

United States

The United States has twice as many deaths on the roads as in France in terms of proportion by number of inhabitants. This is explained by a speed limitation much less constraining in city and agglomeration, while the one of the highway is smaller. This difference in limitation can be understandable because the American cities are much larger and better organized (squared). Whether in town or with the roads out of the cities, the USA has the highest limits of developed countries. But that’s where there are the most deaths.

Japan

The case of Japan is quite unique, in the sense that its limitations are very low, whether it is out of town, on the expressway or on the highway. This is because the Japanese rather take the train to travel across the country. The country is very slender and the train thus perfectly fits the shape of the island. We understand better why the Japanese have adopted these rectangular cars that don’t look very powerful. However, they have as many deaths as in France, which is quite surprising.

Then the Eastern European countries :

CountryResidential zonesCitiesOutside cities (km/h)On expressways (km/h)On highways (km/h)Maximum alcohol level (g/l)Dead per million per year
Czech republic5090110130061
Slovenia50901101300.564
Slovakia5090130130066
Estonia5090100-070
Hungary5090110130077
Bulgaria5090901400.583
Romania5090100130087
Croatia50901101300.592
Macedonia60801001200.594
Latvia5090100-0.5100
Poland50901201400.5103
Serbia50801001200.3104
Montenegro5080--0.5105
Lithuania50901101300.4106
Georgia6090100-0.3118
Moldova6090--0.3125
Ukraine6090901300135
Belarus60901001200.3137
Albania4080901100151
Bosnia and Herzegovina60801001300.5177
Russia306090901100189

The average number of deaths per million inhabitants in the countries of Eastern Europe is 107. This is nearly twice as much as in the developed countries.

We can not really compare the countries of Eastern Europe with the Western countries, because the road networks are not so well maintained. And the tax on alcohol is much lower, which results in more accidents due to alcohol despite often a maximum blood alcohol level of 0.

Developing countries :

CountryResidential zonesCitiesOutside cities (km/h)On expressways (km/h)On highways (km/h)Maximum alcohol level (g/l)Dead per million per year
Turkey5090901200.589
Azerbaijan6090901100100
Philippines304080801000.5105
Mexico304070701100.8123
Egypt5090901000128
Bangladesh408080800136
Argentina401101101300.5136
Pakistan4080801200142
Indonesia6080801000153
India5065801000.3166
Morocco601001001200180
China3040801001200.2188
Iraq601001001200202
Nigeria5080801000205
Brazil304070701100.2234
Algeria50801001200.1238
Eritrea60100100-0.3241
Kazakhstan607090-0242
Sudan6070901200.2243
Tunisia5070901100244
Vietnam5080901200.8245
Ethiopia3050801001000.8253
Somalia406590110120No limit254
Guinea606060-0.8273
Sierra Leone70100100-0.8273
Saudi Arabia801001201400274
Benin509090-0.5277
Madagascar5080100-No limit284
Sao Tome and Principe509090120No limit311
Togo4060--No limit311
Mozambique6070801200.6316
Rwanda30405060-0.8321
Iran50901101200321
Central African Republic406060901100.8324
Tanzania60801001100.8329
DR Congo6090901200.1332
Liberia405672-0.53337
Malawi5060801001000.8350
Thailand6090901200.5362
Libya5085851300734
Morocco

The average death per million inhabitants in developing countries is 249. This is 4 times more than in developed countries.

How to explain such a difference with Western countries?

Road networks are much less well maintained than in the countries of Eastern Europe, often roads are in the ground. There are rarely signs or red lights. Cars are less well maintained. The rules of the road and the rules of conduct are less strict.

Source : OECD, WHO.


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