The oldest human cultures

Here is the list of the oldest cultures of humanity:

CultureStart dateEnd dateDurationCountry
Piacenzian-3600000-25880001012000Euro-American
Oldowan-2600000-1700000900000World
Gelasian-2588000-1800000788000Europe
Acheulean-1760000-1000001660000World
Calabrian-1800000-7810001019000Europe
Madrasian culture-1500000-1300000200000India
Ionian-781000-126000655000Europe
Soanian-498000-123000375000India
Neanderthal-448000-33000415000Eurasia
Clactonian-398000-198000200000Europe
Mousterian-250000-28000222000Eurasia
Stillbay Culture-164000-7200092000South Africa
Aterian-143000-28000115000Morocco
Micoquian-130000-7000060000Europe
Tarantian-124000-9700114300Europe
Mousteroid culture-80000-5000030000Nigeria, Senegal
Howiesons Poort-63800-575006300South Africa
Emiran culture-48000-3800010000Syria, Lebanon, Israel
Australian Aborigines-48000In progress48000Australia
Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician-41000-400001000North West Europe
Paleo-Indians-38000-1450023500America
Aurignacian-38000-2800010000Europe
Baradostian Culture-36000-180008000Iraq
Châtelperronian-36000-300006000Afro-Eurasia
Perigordian-33000-1800015000Europe
Gravettian-31000-1500016000Europe
Lupemban Culture-30000-1200028000Zambia, Kenya
Pavlovian culture-27000-230004000Austria, Poland
Sơn Vi Culture-20000-120008000Vietnam
Solutrean-20000-150005000France, Spain
Halfan Culture-20000-120008000Egypt
Epigravettian-19000-800011000Europe
Kebaran Culture-18000-125005500Israel, Palestine, Jordan
Ancient Beringian-18000-95008500Russia
Zarzian Culture-18000-800010000Iraq
Iberomaurusian culture-18000-97008300Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
Monte Verde-16500-128003700Chile
Magdalenian-15000-100005000Western Europe
Jōmon-15000-30014700Japan
Mushabian culture-14900-130001900Egypt
Trialetian-14000-60008000Georgia
Hamburg Culture-13500-111002400North Europe
Sebilian culture-13000-100003000Egypt
Qadan Culture-13000-90004000Egypt
Pilauco Bajo-12700-12000700Chile
Natufian-12500-100002500Israel, Palestine, Jordan
Nordic Stone Age-12000-11500500Sweden, Norway
Federmesser culture-12000-108001200North Europe
Bromme Culture-11600-9800800Denmark
Pre-Pottery Neolithic A-11500-100001500Palestine
Post Pattern-11000-70004000United States
Creswellian Culture-11000-98001200England
Swiderian culture-11000-82002800Europe
Ahrensburg Culture-10900-97001200North Europe
Shepherd Neolithic-10200-80002200Lebanon
Hoabinhian-10000-20008000Vietnam
Komsa Culture-10000-9500500Norway
Khiamian-10000-9500500Israel, Palestine, Jordan
Azilian-10000-9500500Spain, France
Bắc Sơn Culture -10000-80002000Vietnam
Magosian culture-10000-60004000Zambia, Tanzania
Capsian culture-10000-60004000Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
Hoabinhian-10000-20008000Vietnam
Clovis Culture-9500-9000500United States
Old Cordilleran Culture-9000-55003500United States
Nenana Valley-9000-8500500United States
Plano Culture-9000-60003000Canada
Folsom tradition-9000-80001000United States
Goshen point-9000-8800200United States
Maglemosian Culture-9000-60003000Norway, Sweden
Harifian Culture-8800-8000800Israel
Kunda Culture-8500-50003500Latvia
Pre-Pottery Neolithic-8500-55003000Syria, Iraq, Egypt
Cody complex-8000-60002000United States
Sauveterrian Culture-8500-65002000France
Fosna-Hensbacka Culture-8300-73001000Sweden, Norway
San Dieguito Complex-8200-8000200United States
Hell Gap complex-8060-70001060United States
Kiffian Culture-8000-60002000Niger
Las Vegas Culture-8000-46003400United States
Period Jeulmun pottery-8000-15006500Korea
Athabaskans-8000In progress10000United States
Paleo-Arctic Tradition-8000-50003000United States
Aleuts-8000In progress10000United States
Quỳnh Văn Culture-8000-60002000Vietnam
Lauricocha culture-8000-25005500Peru
Pre-Pottery Neolithic B-7600-60001600Syria, Iraq, Egypt
Neman culture-7000-30004000Poland, Lithuania
Pengtoushan Culture-7000-58002200China
Culture of Peiligang-7000-50002000China
Culture of Cishan-6500-50001500China
Obeid period-6500-40002500Iraq
Mariupol Culture-6500-40002500Bulgaria
Culture of Houli-6500-55001000China
Pottery Cardium-6400-5500900Southern Europe
Culture of Bug-Dniester-6300-5500800Moldova, Ukraine
Nøstvet and Lihult Culture-6200-32003000Sweden, Norway
Culture of Xinglongwa-6200-52001000China
Culture of Karanovo-6200-5500700Bulgaria
Culture of Starčevo-6200-45001700Southern Europe
Halaf culture-6100-51001000Syria, Turkey
Culture of Dudeşti-6000-6500500Romania
Kongemose culture-6000-5200800Denmark
La Jolla Complex-60005005500United States
Chihuahua tradition-60002506250United States
Hassuna Culture-6000-5500500Iraq
Shulaveri-Shomu Culture-6000-40002000Georgia, Armenia
Culture of Körös-5800-5300500Hungary
Culture of Vinča-5700-45001200Serbia
Halaf-Ubaid transition period-5500-5000500Iraq
Shulaveri-Shomu Culture-5500-5000500Georgia, Azerbaijan
Kelteminar Culture-5500-35002000Kazakhstan
Hemudu culture-5500-33002200China
Culture of Bükk-5500-5000500Hungary
Samarra Culture-5500-4800700Syria, Iraq
Samara culture-5500-4800700Russia
Culture of Linear Pottery-5500-45001000Central Europe
Oshara Tradition-54404605900United States
Culture of Zhaobaogou-5400-4500900China
Narva Culture-5300-17503550Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Swifterbant Culture-5300-3400900Netherlands
Culture of Beixin-Dawenkou-5300-26002700China
Culture of Ertebølle-5300-42001100Denmark, Norway, Sweden
Culture of Beixin-5300-43001000China
Hamangia culture-5250-4500750Romania, Bulgaria
Butmir Culture-5100-4500600Bosnia and Herzegovina
Culture of Narva-5000-40001000Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
Culture of Khvalynsk-5000-4500500Russia
Tenerian culture-5000-30002000Mali, Algeria
Yunggimun pottery-5000-4500500North Korea
Sopot Culture-5000-4500500Croatia
Gumelniţa-Karanovo Culture-5000-40001000Romania
Hinkelstein culture-5000-4900100Germany
Đa Bút Culture-5000-10004000Vietnam
Culture of Tisza-5000-40001000Hungary
Stentinello Culture-5000-40001000Italy
Għar Dalam phase-5000-4100900Malta
Culture of Dnieper-Donets-5000-40001000Europe
Culture of Cucuteni-Trypillia-5000-40001000Romania
Culture of Daxi-5000-33001700China
Deer Valley Petroglyph Preserve-5000-5004500United States
Square Mouthed Vases Culture-5000-40001000Italy
Culture of Khvalynsk-5000-4500500Russia
Culture of Lengyel-4900-39001000Slovakia, Hungary
Merimde Culture-4800-4300500Egypt
Banpo Culture-4800-36001200China
Danilo Culture-4700-3900800Croatia
Hongshan culture-4700-29001800China
Rössen Culture-4600-4300300Central Europe
Culture of Stroke-ornamented ware-4600-4400200Europe
Cerny Culture-4500-4000500France
Chassean culture-4500-35001000France
Culture of Serra d'Alto-4500-4000500Italy
Tastian culture-4500-4300200Egypt
Yangshao Culture-4500-30001500China
Culture of Sredny Stog-4500-35001000Ukraine
Michelsberg Culture-4400-3500900Germany
El-Amrah-4400-3500900Egypt
Culture Ghassulian-4400-3500900Israel, Palestine, Jordan
Badari Culture-4400-4000400Egypt
Culture of Nagada-4400-30001400Egypt
Culture of Leyla-Tepe-4350-4000350Azerbaijan
Boian Culture-4300-3500800Romania, Bulgaria
Dawenkou Culture-4300-26001700China
Cortaillod Culture-4300-3900400Swiss
Culture of Michelsberg-4300-3700600Germany
Boian Culture-4300-3500800Romania, Bulgaria
Funnelbeaker culture-4300-28001500Germany, Poland
Beersheba Culture-4200-4000200Israel
Culture of Pit-Comb Ware-4200-20002200Europe
Culture of Diana-4000-3500500Italy
Culture of Kura-Araxes-4000-20002000Armenia
Langdale axis industry-4000-3500500England
Old Copper Complex-4000-10003000United States
Bolshemys Culture-4000-30001000Russia
Bonu Ighinu Culture-4000-3400600Italy
Amratian culture-4000-3500500Egypt
Kurgan Culture-4000-30001000Russia
Culture of Cernavoda-4000-3200800Ukraine
Pfyn Culture-3900-3500400Swiss
A-Group culture-3800-3100700Egypt
Mondsee group Culture-3800-28001000Serbia
Altheim Culture-3800-3400800Germany
Mġarr phase-3800-3600200Malta
Namazga culture-3800-10002800Turkmenistan
Botai Culture-3700-3100600Kazakhstan
Kemi Oba Culture-3700-22001500Ukraine
Maykop Culture-3700-3000700Georgia
Wartberg Culture-3600-2800800Germany
Culture of Lake Mondsee-3600-3300300Austria
Mikhaylovka Culture-3600-3000700Russia
Baden culture-3600-2800800Hungary, Poland
Maïkop culture-3500-25001000Chechnya
Hvar culture-3500-25001000Croatia
Civilization Norte Chico-3500-18001700Peru
Vlaardingen Culture-3500-25001000Netherlands
Horgen Culture-3500-2850650Germany, Switzerland
Coţofeni Culture-3500-25001000Europe
Culture of Gerzeh-3500-32003000Egypt
Usatovo culture-3500-3000500Romania
Culture of Hilversum-3450-3225225Netherlands, Belgium
Culture of Globular Amphora-3400-2800600Germany, Poland, Russia
Salzmünde Culture-3400-3000400Germany
Culture of Remedello-3400-24001000Italy
San Ciriaco Culture-3400-3200200Italy
Kouro-arable culture-3400-20001400Georgia
Ezero Culture-3300-2700600Bulgaria
Tiszapolgár Culture-3300-3100200Hungary
Culture of Afanasevo-3300-2500800Russia
Culture of Majiayao-3300-20001300China
Culture of Novotitorovka-3300-2700600Georgia
Saflieni phase-3300-3000300Malta
Civilization of the Indus Valley-3300-13002000India, Pakistan
Yamna Culture-3300-2600700Russia
Walternienburg-BernburgCulture-3200-2800400Germany
Culture of Sheikh Muftah-3200-20001200Egypt
Ozieri Culture-3200-2800400Italy
Pitted Ware Culture-3200-2300900Sweden, Norway
Culture of Middle Dnieper-3200-2300900Ukraine, Belarus
Culture of Fatyanovo-Balanovo-3200-2300900Russia
Tarxian phase-3150-2500650Malta
Seine-Oise-Marne Culture-3100-20001100France, Belgium
Elam-31002213321Iran
Gaudo's culture-3000-2800200Italy
Culture of Okunev-3000-2500500Russia
Apex complex-3000-5002500United States
Maple Creek Phase-3000-10002000United States
Kotosh Religious Tradition-3000-18001200Argentina, Chile
Galgada-3000-2500500Peru
Culture of Rinaldone-3000-2500500Italy
Xiaoheyan Culture-3000-2600400China
Culture of Vučedol-3000-2200800Croatia
Eskimos-3000In progress5018United States
Culture of Laterza-2950-2350600Italy
Culture of Bell-Beaker-2900-18001100England
Culture of Corded Ware-2900-2350550Germany, Poland, Russia
Longshan Culture-2900-19001000China
Culture of catacombs-2800-2200600Ukraine
Poltavka culture-2700-2100600Russia
Culture of Abashevo-2500-1900600Russia
Kerma Culture-2500-15001000Egypt
Culture of Potapovka-2500-2000500Russia
C-Group Culture-2400-1550850Egypt
Culture of Unetice-2300-1600700Czech Republic
Culture of Mierzanowice-2200-1300900Poland
Polada culture-2200-1600600Italy
Culture of Qijia-2200-1600600China
Culture of Wietenberg-2200-1500700Romania
Culture of Sintashta-2100-1800300Russia
Ottomány culture-2100-1600500Romania
Culture of Trialeti-2100-2000100Georgia
Lower Xiajiadian culture-2000-1400600China
Culture of Andronovo-2000-9001100Russia
Culture of Trzciniec-1900-1200700Poland
Culture of Siba-1900-1500400China
Yueshi Culture-1900-1500400China
Erlitou Culture-1900-1500400China
Culture of Cetina-1900-1600300Croatia
Culture of Srubna-1800-1200600Russia
Bonnanaro Culture-1800-1600200Italy
Culture of Hoogkarspel-1800-8001000Netherlands
Culture of Elp-1800-8001000Netherlands
Culture of Terramare-1700-1150550Italy
Serious Gandhara culture-1600-5001100Pakistan, Afghanistan
Tumulus culture-1600-1200400Central Europe
Erligang Culture-1510-146050China
Basketmakers-15005002000United States
Culture of Yaz-1500-5001000Turkmenistan
Vedic period-1500-600900India
Culture of Tazabagyab-1500-1100400Uzbekistan
Culture of Apennine-1500-1400100Italy
Karasuk culture-1500-800700Russia
Culture of Scamozzina-1400-1300100Italy
Culture of Canegrate-1300-1100200Italy
Culture of Urnfield-1300-750550Germany, Poland
Midianite pottery-1300-1200100Israel
Piliny culture-1300-700600Hungary, Slovakia
Culture of Villanovan-1300-750550Italy
Elmenteitan culture-1300-1100200Kenya
Culture of Lusatian-1300-500800Poland, Czech Republic
Dineh-1200-800400United States
Apaches-1200In progress718United States
Karasuk culture-1200-700500Russia
Proto-Villanovan culture-1200-1000200Italy
Chernoles culture-1025-700325Ukraine
Culture of Este-1000-900100Italy
Culture of Latial-1000-580420Italy
Haida-1000In progress3018United States
Arapaho-1000In progress3018United States
Culture of Chavín-900-200700Peru
Culture of Golasecca-900-400500Italy
Hallstatt Culture-800-600200Germany, France
Culture of Tagar-800-200600Russia
Anasazi-800In progress2818United States
Pomeranian culture-700-300400Germany, Poland
Culture of Jastorf-700-1699Germany, Denmark
Culture of Milograd-7000700Ukraine
Culture of La Tène-500-100400Germany, France
El Tajín-40011001500Mexico
Culture of Zarubintsy-3000300Czech Republic, Ukraine
Culture of Przeworsk-300500800Poland
Oksywie Culture-2000200Poland
Tashtyk culture0300300Russia
Wielbark Culture0300300Ukraine
Culture of Chernyakhov100400300Ukraine, Romania
Kiev culture200400200Ukraine
X-Group Culture300600300Sudan
Shawnee500In progress1518United States
Maori800In progress1218New Zealand
Iroquois1142In progress876United States
Navajos1500In progress518United States
Cherokees1500In progress518United States
Comanche1700In progress318United States

The following cultures are missing from this list as their respective date of appearance is not clear: Mohicans, Powhatans, Païutes, Utes, Sioux, Cheyenne, Chiricahuas, Crows, Pawnees, Ojibwe , the Outaouais, the Crees, the Tlingits.


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