The oldest dynasties

Here are the oldest dynasties in the history of humanity:

DynastyStart dateEnd dateDurationCountry
Xia Dynasty-3700-17671933China
Dorians-3000-5002500Greece
Dynasties of the pharaohs-2900-302870Egypt
Uruk Dynasty-2750-2400250Iraq
Kish Dynasty-2700-2400300Iraq
Minoan civilization-2700-12001500Crest
Assyrian Empire-2500-612888Syria
Dynasty of Ur-2500-2004396Iraq
Hurrians-2400-13001100Syria, Iraq
Akkad Empire-2400-2200200Iraq
Thracians-2000-3001700Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hittite Kingdoms-2000-1200800Turkey, Syria
Kingdom of Babylon-1800-6261174Iraq
Tokharians-18005002300Turkey
Kingdom of Mitanni-1700-1300400Syria
Babylonian Kassite Dynasty-1595-1000595Iraq
Shang Dynasty-1570-1045525China
Mycenaean civilization-1550-1100450Greece
Kingdom of Sabé-1500-750750Yemen
Phoenicians-1200-300900Lebanon
Olmecs-1200-500700Mexico
Teutons-1200-1021099Denmark
Phrygian-1200-1031197Turkey
Cimbrians-1200-1011099Denmark
Cimmerian-1200-610590Turkey
italics-1200-500700Italy
Celts-1200-511149France, Germany
Ionians-1100-449651Turkey
Zhou Dynasty-1045-256789China
Vénètes-1000-200800Italy
Sogdians-1000-174826Uzbekistan
Maya-100015202520Mexico
Kingdom of Judah-931-586347Israel
Etruscans-900-17883Italy
Argolides-820-233587Greece
Carthaginian civilization-814-146671Tunisia, Spain
Cimmerian-800-600200Iran
D'mt-800-700100Eritrea
State of Qin-771-221550China
Kingdom of Sheba-716-500216Yemen
Kingdom of Macedonia-700-146554Greece
Spartans-700-600100Greece
Scythians-669200869Russia
Neo-Babylonian Empire-626-53987Iraq
Gallic-60071671France
Lydians-600-129471Turkey
Boeotian Confederation-600-300300Greece
Achaemenid Empire-550-330220Turkey, Iraq, Iran
Roman Republic-509-27482Italy
Zapotecs-5007001300Mexico
Magyar-50011471647Hungary
Achaean League-500-146354Greece
Kingdom of the Bridge-45063513Turkey
Sarmatian-400376776Russia
Roman Empire-39514531058Italy, Mediterranean
Illyrians-385-229156Albania
Seleucid Kingdom-305-64241Iran, Iraq
Kingdom lagid-305-30275Egypt
Kingdom of Aksum-3009001200Egypt
Xiongnu-300-200100China
Mauretania-300698998Morocco
Attalids-283-132151Greece
Antigonids-277-168191Greece, Turkey
Parthian Empire-247224471Iran, Iraq
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom-246-20046Iran
Qin Dynasty-221-20615China
Han Dynasty-206220414China
Kingdom of Armenia-190-34156Armenia
Indo-Greek kingdoms-150-7080India, Pakistan
Roman Africa-146486540Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria
Gauda-105-8817Tunisia
Kushan Empire-100300400India
Teotihuacan-100700800Mexico
Kanva Dynasty-72-2745India
Burgundians0300300Germany
Germans0711Germany
Alans0451451Georgia
Xin Dynasty923China
Lazyges20200180Russia
Roxolani50260210kazakhstan
Hunnic Empire73565492Russia
Funan100700600Cambodia
Kingdom of Champā19218321624Cambodia
Kingdom of Wei22026545China
Kingdom of Shu22126342China
Sasanian Empire224651426Iran, Iraq
Kingdom of Wu22928051China
Jin Dynasty265420155China
Western Roman Empire286476190France, Spain, Italy
Huastecs30015001200Mexico
Gupta Empire300600300India
Sixteen Kingdoms304439135China
Byzantine Empire33014531123Turkey, Greece
Merovingian400700300Germany, Switzerland, Netherlands
Frankish Kingdoms400987587France, Germany
Hephthalite empire408670262Pakistan
Kingdom of Sweden410584174Portugal
Visigothic Kingdom418711293Yugoslavia, Italy
Southern Song Dynasty42047959China
Kingdom of Altava429708279Morocco
Vandal Kingdom429534105Tunisia, Italy
Kingdom of Soissons46148627France
Southern Qi Dynasty47950223China
Frankish Kingdoms481987506France, Germany
Ostrogoth Kingdom493553560Italy
Kingdom of France49618481300France
Dvâravatî5001000500Thailand
Khazars5001000500Ukraine
Kabul Shahi5001026526Afghanistan
Deira500672172England
Khazars5001000500Ukraine, Russia
Chenla500802302Cambodia
Liang Dynasty50255755China
Kingdom of Wessex519927408England
Bernicia54763487England
Göktürk552745193Kazakhstan, Mongolia
Avars555805250Turkey
Chen Dynasty55758932China
Khaganat avar560805245Turkey
Lombardy Kingdom568774194Italy
Sui Dynasty58161837China
Exarchate of Carthage585698113Tunisia, Spain
Kingdom of Lavo6001388788Vietnam
Ghurid6001215615Afghanistan
Duchy of Saxony6001260660Germany
Tang Dynasty618907289China
Islamic Caliphate6221258636Saudi Arabia
Caliphate Rachidun63266129Saudi Arabia
Dabwaïhides640760120Iran
Zunbils650870220India
Masmughans from Dumavand651760109Iran
Northumbria653954301England
Haripunchai6611292631Thailand
Umayyads66175089Saudi Arabia
First Bulgarian Empire6811018337Bulgaria
Republic of Venice69717971100Italy
Patayans7001500800United States
Patzinaks7001122422Turkey
Khaganat of the Rus700800100Russia
Emirate of Nekor7101019309Morocco
Kingdom of Asturias718910192Spain
Uighur Khaganat744848104China
Berghouata7441058314Morocco
Abbasid Caliphate7501258508Saudi Arabia
Carolingian Empire751987246France, Germany
Papal States75218701119Italy
Emirate of Cordoba756929173Spain
Rostemides767909142Algeria
Ifrenides7901066276Morocco
Duchy of Bohemia8001198398Germany
Aghlabids800909109Libya
Principality of Polotsk8001307507Belarus
Bulgarian Khanate of the Volga8001236436Russia
Khmer Empire80218631061Cambodia
Samanides8191005126Iran
Tahirids82087252Iran
Kingdom of Navarre8241620796Spain
Great Moravia83390067Germany, Hungary
Qarakhanid8401212372Kazakhstan, China
Francie median84385512France, Germany
Kingdom of Scotland8431707864England
Eastern Francia843962119France, Germany
West Francia843987154France
Lorraine855965110France, Germany
Kiev Rus8601240380Ukraine
Saffarids8611003142Iran, Afghanistan
Viking Kingdom of York86695488Denmark
Tulunids86890537Egypt, Syria
Kingdom of Norway8721397523Norway
Colonization of Iceland87493056Iceland
Principality of Tourov and Pinsk9001300400Belarus
Mixtec9001500600Mexico
Toltecs9001200300Mexico
Previous Shu90792518China
Later Liang90792316China
Duchy of Bavaria9071623716Germany
Fatimid Caliphate9091171262Egypt, Saudi Arabia
Kingdom of León9101230320Spain
Croatian state medieval9251102177Croatia
Later Tang92393613China
Ziyarid dynasty927100073Iran
Kingdom of England9271707780England
Caliphate of Cordoba9291031102Spain
Icelandic Free State9301262332Iceland
Buyids9321055123Iran
Ikhshidid dynasty93596934Egypt
Jin hinds93694711China
Han later9479503China
Emirate of Sicily9481091143Italy
Zhou posterior95096010China
North Han95197928China
Lower Lorraine9591190231Germany
Song Dynasty9601279319China
Ghaznavids9621187225Iran
Holy Roman Empire9621806844Germany, Austria
Margraviat of Austria9761156180Austria
Empire of Ethiopia9901974984Ethiopia
Republic of Genoa10001815815Italy
Kingdom of Murcia10001300200Spain
Kingdom of Hungary10011946945Hungary
Kingdom of Granada10121492480Spain
Western Xia Dynasty10321227195China
Kingdom of Aragon10351707662Spain
Kingdom of Castile10351516481Spain
Seljuks10371194157Iran, Iraq, Turkey
Principality of Smolensk10541404350Ukraine
Sicily County1071113059Italy
Khwarazmian dynasty10771231154Iran
Sultanate of Roum10771307230Turkey
Principality of Galicia10841199115Ukraine
Palatinate of the Rhine10851803718Germany
Principality of Ryazan10971521424Russia
Principality of Antioch10981268170Lebanon
Kingdom of Jerusalem10991291192Israel
Principality of Galicia-Volyn11001352252Ukraine
Grand Duchy of Lithuania11001795695Lithuania
Principality of Minsk11011413312Belarus
Principality of Droutsk11011565464Belarus
Tripoli County11021289187Lebanon
Bourid Dynasty1104115450Syria
Qara Khitai1124121894Kazakhstan
Dynasty of Zengids11271250123Syria
Kingdom of Sicily11301816686Italy
Kingdom of Portugal11391910771Portugal
Republic of Novgorod11361478342Russia
Duchy of Austria11561453297Austria
The Episcopal Principality of Würzburg11681803635Germany
Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal11681389231Russia
Ayyubid11711341170Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Libya
Kingdom of Bohemia11981918720Germany
Aztecs12001521321Mexico
Purépechas12001500300Mexico
Empire of Nicaea1204126157Greece, Turkey
Mongolian Empire1206129488Mongolia
Sultanate of Delhi12061526320India
Principality of Wales12161536320England
Principality of Yaroslavl12181463245Russia
Khanate of Djaghatai12201334114Kazakhstan
Tatars12221783561Russia
Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights12261525299Germany
Livonian Confederation12281582352Latvia
Yuan Dynasty12341368134China
Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg12351806571Germany
Kingdom of Sukhothai12381448210Thailand
Kingdom of Valencia12381707469Spain
Golden Horde1243150259Mongolia
Principality of Tver12471485238Russia
Karamanid12501483233Turkey, Greece
Mamluk Sultanate12501517267Egypt, Saudi Arabia
Ilkhanids1256133579Iran, Iraq, Syria
Principality of Lüneburg12691705446Germany
Sarukhanids12751410135Turkey
Kingdom of Naples12821816534Italy
Lanna12921892600Thailand
Swiss Confederation1291In progress727Swiss
Ottoman Empire12991923624Turkey
Emirate of Aydın1308138880Turkey
Great-Principality of Moscow13401547217Russia
Bahmani13471527180India
Kingdom of Ayutthaya13511767416Thailand
Lan Xang13541707351Laos, Thailand
Principality of Moldova13591859500Moldova
Ming Dynasty13681644276China
Timurid Empire13691507140Iran, Afghanistan
Kalmar Union13971523126Sweden
Sibir14001598198Russia
Khanate of Kazan14381552114Russia
Inca Empire1439153394Argentina, Chile
Khanate of Crimea14411783342Ukraine
Khanate of Qasim14501681231Russia
Archduke of Austria14531918465Austria
Kazakh Khanate14561847391kazakhstan
Khanate of Astrakhan1466155690Ukraine
Sultanates of Deccan14871687200India
Horde Nogai15001632132kazakhstan
Portuguese India15101961451India
Khanate of Khiva15111920409kazakhstan
Kingdom of Sweden1523In progress495Sweden
Habsburg Monarchy15261804280Austria
Tsarat of Russia15471721174Russia
Republic of the Two Nations15691795226Poland, Belarus
Khanate of Bukhara15991920321kazakhstan
Brandenburg-Prussia1618170183Germany
Electorate of Bavaria16231806183Germany
Irish Confederation164216519Ireland
Qing dynasty16441912268China
Southern Ming Dynasty1644166218China
Commonwealth of England1649166011England, Ireland
Protectorate165316596England, Ireland
Kingdom of Prussia17011918217Germany, Poland
United-Kingdom1707In progress311England, Scotland
Brunswick-Lüneburg Electorate17081814106Germany
Khanate of Kokand17091876167Kazakhstan
Kingdom of Champassak17131904191Laos
Russian Empire17211917196Russia
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria17721918146Ukraine
United States of America1776In progress242United States
Tây Sơn Dynasty1789180213Vietnam
French Republic1789In progress229France
Nguyen Dynasty18021945143Vietnam
Austrian Empire1804186763Austria
French Empire1804187064France
Kingdom of Bavaria18051918113Germany
Kingdom of the Netherlands1806In progress213Netherlands
Duchy of Warsaw180718158Poland
Kingdom of Hanover1814186652Germany
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg1815In progress202Luxembourg
kingdom of Belgium1831In progress187Belgium
Hong Kong18421997155China
Kingdom of Denmark1849In progress169Denmark
Kingdom of Italy1861194685Italy
French Cochinchina1862194987Vietnam
French Protectorate of Cambodia1863195390Cambodia
German Empire1871191847Germany
French Protectorate of Tonkin1883194875Vietnam
French Protectorate of Annam1883194875Vietnam
French Indochina1887195467Vietnam
Eritrea1890In progress128Eritrea
French Protectorate of Laos1893195461Laos
Guangzhouwan1898194547Vietnam
Autonomous Mongolia1911192413Mongolia
Republic of China1912194937China
Tibet1912195139Tibet
Kingdom of Poland191619182Poland
Ukrainian People's Republic191719203Ukraine
Moldavian Democratic Republic191719181Moldova
Russian Republic191719171Russia
Kingdom of Finland191719192Finland
Czechoslovak Republic1918193820Czech Republic, Slovakia
Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan191819202Azerbaijan
Federal Democratic Republic of Transcaucasia191819181Georgia
Soviet Socialist Federal Republic of Russia1918199173Russia
Second Republic1918193921Poland, Belarus
Democratic Republic of Georgia191819213Georgia
Republic of Armenia191819202Armenia
Republic of Weimar1919193314Germany
League of Nations1920194626World
Tuvan People's Republic1921194423Russia
Soviet Socialist Republic of Georgia1921199170Georgia
Soviet Socialist Federal Republic of Transcaucasia1922193614Russia
Mongolian People's Republic1924199268Mongolia
Vatican1929In progress89Italy
Nazi Germany1933194512Germany
Italian East Africa193619415Ethiopia
Democratic Republic of Vietnam1945197632Vietnam
United Nations Organization1945In progress73World
Kingdom of Laos1946197529Laos
Federal Republic of Germany1946In progress72Germany
Republic of India1947In progress71India
Provisional Central Government of Vietnam194819491Vietnam
People's Republic of China1949In progress69China
Republic of China1949In progress69Taiwan
State of Vietnam194919556Vietnam
Kingdom of Cambodia1953197017Cambodia
Tibetan Central Administration1959In progress59Tibet
Republic of Malta1964In progress54Malta
Khmer Republic197019755Cambodia
Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia1974198713Ethiopia
Lao People's Democratic Republic1975In progress43Laos
Democratic Kampuchea197519794Cambodia
Socialist Republic of Vietnam1976In progress42Vietnam
People's Republic of Kampuchea1979199314Cambodia
People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia198719914Ethiopia
Republic of Turkmenistan1991In progress27Turkmenistan
Transitional Government of Ethiopia199119954Ethiopia
Republic of Georgia199119921Georgia
Republic of Estonia1991In progress27Estonia
Mongolia1992In progress26Mongolia
United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia199219931Cambodia
South Ossetia-Alania1992In progress26Georgia
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia1993In progress25Ethiopia

The oldest dynasty is Xia in China.

The one that lasted the longest is the dynasty of pharaohs with almost 2900 years of history.

To see also: the oldest human cultures.

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