The main inventions of humanity

Here is the list of the main events, inventions and discovery of the history of humanity:

Event, discovery, inventionDateCountryType
Bipedalism4 000 000 BCAfricaPhysiology
Chipped stone3 300 000 BCKenyaTool
Spoon (shellfish)3 300 000 BC-Tool
Arrival in Europe1 800 000 BCGeorgiaGeography
First inhabited cave1 780 000 BCSouth AfricaHousing
Axe1 600 000 BCAfricaTool
Disappearance of the megalodon1 500 000 BC-Nature
Cooking500 000 BC-Food
Domestication of fire398 000 BCAfricaLight
Modern man298 000 BCAfricaPhysiology
Barter298 000 BCAfricaTrade
Jewelry133 000 BCIsraelOrnament
Beginning of the Würm Glaciation118 000 BC-Nature
Appearance of the dog98 000 BC-Nature
Modern speech98 000 BC-Communication
Clothing81 000 BC-Clothing
Grave40 000 BCAustraliaCulture
Spear38 000 BC-Armed
Gods38 000 BCGermanyReligion
Sculpture38 000 BCGermanyArt
Music33 000 BC-Art
Flute33 000 BCGermanyMusic
Painting31 500 BCla FranceArt
Domestication of the dog29 700 BCBelgiumCulture
Ceramic29 000 BC-Container
Pottery20 000 BCChinaContainer
Calculation20 000 BCUgandaScience
Rope15 000 BCla FranceTool
Agriculture14 000 BCWorldFood
Map12 000 BCSpainGeography
First village12 000 BCCanadaHousing
Disappearance of the mammoth10 000 BCNorth AmericaNature
Water well10 000 BCCyprusFood
Disappearance of the saber tooth tiger9700 BCUnited StatesNature
End of the Würm Glaciation9430 BC-Nature
Binder9000 BCTurkeyHousing
Grease lamp9000 BCFranceLight
Breeding9000 BCMesopotamiaFood
Brick8000 BCIraqHousing
Comb8000 BCScandinaviaHygiene
Cereal growing8000 BCIraqFood
Domestication of the cat7500 BCCyprusCulture
Oven7000 BCSyriaFood
Beer6000 BCIraqAlcohol
Drum6000 BCEgyptMusic
Wine culture6000 BCGeorgiaAlcohol
Domestication of the horse6000 BCKazakhstanCulture
Glassy glass5000 BCIraqHousing
Tumulus4700 BCFranceCulture
First city4000 BCPalestineHousing
Pyramid4000 BCItalyCulture
Mosaic4000 BCIraqHousing
Shoe4000 BCArmeniaCothing
Writing4000 BCIraqCulture
Clay tablet4000 BCRomaniaWriting
Guitar3703 BCEgyptMusic
Stone tablet3500 BCIraqWriting
Wheel3500 BCPolandTransport
Nail3500 BCIraqTool
Harp3500 BCIraqMusic
Anthropomorphic God3500 BCIraqReligion
Wooden tablet3000 BCGreeceWriting
Loom3000 BCTurkeyCothing
Condom3000 BCEgyptSexuality
Amphora3000 BCMiddle EastTransport
Papyrus3000 BCEgyptWriting
Astronomy3000 BC-Science
Opium in medicine3000 BC-Health
Oil lamp3000 BCGreeceLight
Bronze Age3000 BC-Culture
Solar calendar2467 BCEgyptTime
Bridge2100 BCIraqTransport
Canoe2000 BCEgyptTransport
Whiskey2000 BCIraqAlcohol
Bank activity2000 BCIraqEconomy
Sword2000 BC-Weapon
Key2000 BCIranTool
Wheel trolley2000 BCKazakhstanTransport
Bell2000 BCChinaTool
Aqueduct2000 BCCreteFood
Age of copper1800 BC-Culture
Disappearance of the mammoth dwarf1700 BCUnited StatesNature
Translucent glass1500 BCEgyptHousing
Hinduism1500 BCIndiaReligion
Vedism1500 BCIndiaReligion
Shield1500 BC-Weapon
Contraceptive1500 BCEgyptSexuality
Magnifying glass1500 BCGreeceTool
Boat1500 BCTurkeyTransport
Tablet of wax1400 BCGreeceWriting
Crucifixion1400 BCGreeceJustice
Monotheism1336 BCEgyptReligion
Trumpet1336 BCEgyptMusic
Iron Age1100 BC-Culture
Brazier800 BCGreeceHousing
Fork800 BCItalyTool
Judaism700 BCIsraelReligion
Currency (money)687 BCGreeceEconomy
Brahmanism600 BCIndiaReligion
Buddhism500 BCIndiaReligion
Arena games500 BCItalyEntertainment
Barrel500 BCArmeniaTransport
Sausage500 BCGreeceFood
Jail500 BCItalyJustice
Round earth480 BCGreeceCulture
Steel453 BCChinaTool
Absynthe377 BCGreeceAlcohol
Transparent glass336 BCGreeceHousing
National Bank331 BCEgyptEconomy
Paved road312 BCItalyTransport
Water mill300 BCTurkeyEnergy
Blown glass300 BCLebanonContainer
Organ300 BCGreeceMusic
Electric battery metal plating250 BCIraqTool
Compass200 BCGreeceScience
Paper200 BCChinaWriting
Impression200 BCChinaWriting
Iron100 BCChinaClothing
Tile100 BCGreeceHousing
Glass pane100 BCItalyHousing
Pinot noir70 BCFranceAlcohol
Christianity30IsraelReligion
Optical lens68ItalyScience
Thimble79ItalyClothing
Steam machine100GreeceEnergy
Stained Glass500TurkeyHousing
Black powder618ChinaWeapon
Windmill620IranEnergy
Xylophone800South East AsiaMusic
Wall fireplace800EuropeHousing
Hydraulic clock806IraqTime
Wool900BelgiumClothing
Bank note1000ChinaEconomy
Compass1040ChinaScience
Fork1056ItalyFood
Soule1147FranceEntertainment
Mechanical clock1278FranceTime
Vodka1300RussiaAlcohol
Capitalism1300ItalyEconomy
Financial market1300ItalyEconomy
Gun1300GermanyWeapon
Eyeglasses1300ItalyHealth
Astronomical clocks1330EnglandTime
Private bank1397ItalyEconomy
Harpsichord1425GermanyMusic
Cannonball1430FranceWeapon
Printing machine1450GermanyWriting
Hoof1480FranceHousing
Discovery of America1492SpainGeography
Ink pen1508ItalyWriting
Violin1520ItalyMusic
Stock exchange market1531BelgiumEconomy
Homing pigeon1573SpainTelecommunication
Binoculars1586ItalyScience
Electricity1600EnglandEnergy
Telescope1608NetherlandsScience
Microscope1609ItalyScience
Submarine1624NetherlandsTransport
Pendulum clock1656NetherlandsTime
Rum1663FranceAlcohol
Champagne1668FranceAlcohol
Spring-wound watch1670EnglandTime
Telegraph1672EnglandTelecommunication
Clarinet1690GermanyMusic
Cognac1700FranceAlcohol
Disappearance of the dodo1700MauritiusNature
Horn1700GermanyMusic
Piano1711ItalyMusic
Sextant1730EnglandScience
Solar oven1740SwissFood
Pocket watch1740SwissTime
Car automobile steam engine1769FranceTransport
Automatic watch1777SwissTime
Hot-air balloon1782FranceTransport
Guillotine1789FranceJustice
Modern pencil1792GermanyWriting
Vaccination1796EnglandHealth
Washing machine1797GermanyHygiene
Electric battery1800ItalyEnergy
Electrolysis1800EnglandEnergy
Morphine1804FranceHealth
Train1805WalesTransport
Saxophone1814BelgiumMusic
Electric polarized batteries1813EnglandEnergy
Bike1817GermanyTransport
Accordion1818AustriaMusic
Harmonica1820EuropeMusic
Electric motor1821DenmarkEnergy
Photography1826FranceArt
Mechanical sewing machine1830FranceClothing
DC motor1832EnglandEnergy
Fridge1834United StatesFood
Calculator1834EnglandScience
Electric bulb1835ScotlandLight
Electric car1835NetherlandsEnergy
Photovoltaic1839FranceEnergy
Cement1840FranceHousing
Winding watch1842SwissTime
Communism1848GermanySociety
Oil1850RomaniaEnergy
Airship1852FranceTransport
Oil lamp1853PolandLight
Tarmac1855FranceTransport
Darwinism1859EnglandScience
Internal combustion engine1859FranceEnergy
Plane1863FranceTransport
Motorcycle1869FranceTransport
Vacuum1869United StatesHousing
Wristwatch1875-Time
Phone1876CanadaTelecommunication
Loud speaker1877GermanyMusic
Antibiotic1877FranceHealth
Electric chair1880United StatesJustice
Motor car with explosion engine1880FranceTransport
Television1884GermanyEntertainment
Electric iron1882United StatesClothing
Morse code1882United StatesTelecommunication
AC motor1887SerbiaEnergy
Radio waves1888Heinrich HertzTelecommunication
Wind turbine1888United StatesEnergy
Three-phase motor1889RussiaEnergy
Photographic film1889United StatesArt
Diesel motor1893GermanyEnergy
X-rays1895GermanyScience
Radioactivity1896FranceScience
Radio1899FranceScience
Gun Cartridge1914-Weapon
Drone1916EnglandWeapon
Bomb1917GermanyWeapon
Submachine gun1918GermanyWeapon
Supermarket1920United StatesTrade
Color television1925RussiaEntertainment
LED diode1927RussiaLight
Penicillin1928ScotlandHealth
Quartz clock1928United StatesTime
Credit card1928United StatesEconomy
ATM machine1930United StatesEconomy
Missile1932GermanyWeapon
Microwave1933United StatesFood
Disappearance of the marsupial wolf1936TasmaniaNature
Computer1937United StatesData processing
Ball pen1938ArgentinaWriting
Nuclear fission1938GermanyScience
Veganism1944EnglandFood
Transistor1947United StatesData processing
Nuclear plant1951United StatesEnergy
Cloning1952United StatesScience
Silicon transistor1954United StatesData processing
Satellite1957RussiaTelecommunication
Integrated circuit1958United StatesData processing
First being living in space1960RussiaScience
Robot1961United StatesRobotics
First man in space1961RussiaScience
Video games1962United StatesEntertainment
Personal computer1964ItalyData processing
Internet1965United StatesTelecommunication
Space rocket1965RussiaScience
E-mail1969United StatesTelecommunication
First man on the moon1969United StatesScience
Microprocessor1969United StatesData processing
Quartz wristwatch1969JapanTime
Virtual reality1970United StatesEntertainment
Space station1971RussiaScience
Video games console1972United StatesEntertainment
Mobile phone1973United StatesTelecommunication
Laptop1973United StatesData processing
Radio paging1975United StatesTelecommunication
Personal computer in large series1977United StatesData processing
Minitel1980FranceTelecommunication
Sustainable development1981RussiaSociety
Autonomous car1986United StatesTransport
World Wide Web1989EnglandTelecommunication
Mobile video game console1989JapanEntertainment
Connected watch1990JapanTime
Smartphone1992United StatesTelecommunication
LED bulb1993JapanLight
Tamagotchi1996JapanEntertainment
Hydrogen car1999JapanTransport
MMO2002FranceEntertainment
Artificial intelligence2010United StatesRobotics
Laser cannon2014United StatesWeapon
Cyborg animal2016United StatesScience
Question: Which countries have contributed most to the evolution of the civilization?

In descending order: United States (37), France (31), Germany (20), Italy (20), Iraq (15), Greece (15), England (14), China (13), Egypt (11) and Russia (10).

The inventions and discoveries that are missing in this classification: the hour, the pot, the cart, the drawing, the fur, the hanging, the cannabis, the combat helmet.


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