Fatal accidents in France and statistics

Here are the main statistics concerning fatal accidents in France:

Out of the 3477 people who died in France in 2016 on the roads:

85.0% of fatal accidents occurred on a short trip,
74.0% of fatal accidents occurred on a known route,
62.9% of fatal accidents occurred on roads outside the agglomeration,
29.3% of fatal accidents occurred in cities,
25.0% of fatal accidents involved excessive speed,
23.5% of fatal accidents involved a blood alcohol concentration above 0.5g / l,
20.6% of fatal accidents involved a novice driver,
14.1% of fatal accidents involved a truck,
14.0% of fatal accidents involved narcotics use,
13.0% of the deceased were on work-related trip,
11.1% of fatal accidents involved a refusal of priority,
10.1% of the deceased did not wear a seatbelt,
10.0% of the dead had their phone in their hand,
10.0% of fatal accidents occurred in July,
8.9% of fatal accidents involved fatigue or discomfort,
8.1% of fatal accidents involved disturbed attention,
7.7% of fatal accidents occurred on a highway,

Most of the accidents occurred on off-road roads. A third is in the city, and less than 10% on the highway. A quarter involve alcohol. Nearly one-eighth involved narcotics. 20% involved novices. And another 10% present the absence of the seat belt. Most of the accidents occurred on a short, well-known route.

The type of vehicle:

50.6% of the deceased used a passenger vehicle,
20.1% of the dead were bikers,
17.6% of the dead were motorcyclists,
15.8% of the dead were pedestrians,
4.7% of the dead were cyclists,
3.7% of the deceased used a commercial vehicle,
3.5% of the dead were moped,
1.6% of the dead were truckers,
0.3% of the deceased used public transit,
0.9% of the dead used a cart or tricycle,

Most accidents involve cars. Then come the motorcycles with 20% of the fatal accidents (whereas the motorcycles represent less than 10% of the vehicles). One-sixth of the accidents involved pedestrians.

Motorcyclists:

In 70.0% of fatal accidents involving a collision with a motorcycle, it is the other user who is at the origin of the conflict,
53.0% of motorcycle users died on a known route,
37.9% of the deceased motorcyclists died alone on the road,
37.0% of motorcyclists died on the home-work itinerary,

Motorcyclists are more subjects to speeding than motorists. However, motorists involved in an accident with a motorcycle often detect it too late and eventually hit it. And most of the time, it is the motorists who will cause the death of the motorcyclist.

The car drivers :

90.0% of the cases of alcoholic drivers involved in a fatal accident had a blood alcohol level higher than 0.8g / l,
56.0% of fatal motor vehicle accidents occurred during the day,
46.0% of dead motorists were alone on the road at this time,
44.0% of fatal motor vehicle accidents occurred at night,
25.9% of fatal motor vehicle accidents involved a frontal collision,
22.7% of fatal accidents occurred between 2 and 5 PM,
21.7% of fatal motor vehicle accidents involved a side collision,
11.9% of fatal accidents occurred between midnight and 5 AM,
11.3% of fatal accidents of motorists took place in December,

The age:

52.5% of the dead pedestrians were over 65,
28.5% of the dead were between 25 and 44 years old,
25.4% of those who died were over 64,
23.0% of the dead were under 24,
22.8% of the dead were between 45 and 64 years old,
16.2% of the dead were over 75 years old,
9.2% of the dead were between 64 and 74 years old,

The majority of pedestrians were seniors. One-third of those who died were middle-aged. A quarter of those who died were elderly. One quarter were under 24 years old.

Contrary to popular belief, most fatal accidents are not young people coming out of nightclubs.

75.8% of the dead were men,
68.2% of the dead were drivers,
24.1% of those who died were women,
15.6% of the dead were passengers,

The vast majority of those who died were male drivers.

Departments with the most fatalities (deaths per million):

New Caledonia: 190,
Lozere: 172,
St. Barthelemy: 172,
Guadeloupe: 145,
Alpes de Haute Provence: 123,
Guyana: 123,
St. Martin: 118,
Upper Corsica: 114,
Gers: 106,
Tarn-et-Garonne: 106,
Aude: 103,
Jura: 103,
Loir et Cher: 102,

The most accidentogenic departments are firstly the islands where the consumption of rum is excessive. Or departments with relief and a lot of steep roads. There are also quite a few departments located in the middle of France that do not have any particular criteria except perhaps long known straight roads and excessive speeds.

Departments with the fewest fatalities (deaths per million):

Wallis and Futuna 16,
Hauts-de-Seine 16,
Paris 18,
Val-de-Marne 19,
Val d’Oise 22,
Mayotte 22,
Seine-Saint-Denis 23,
Essonne 27,
Rhône 29,

Among these departments, we have small islands with a poorly developed road network. We have very rich territories with solid cars or with few fast axes. We also have poor departments where people use public transport instead.

Source: accident report of the year 2016 , by the National Interministerial Observatory of Road Safety.


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