Here is the list of the biggest massacres and genocides in the history of humanity:
|Massacre||Dates||Country||First belligérant||Second belligérant||Percentage world population (soldiers involved)||Dead|
|Gallic War||58 - 50 BC||France||60,000 Romans||7,520,000 Celts||2,9154%||2,090,000|
|Genocide of Hereros and Namas||1884 - 1911||Namibia||- Germans||- Hereros, namas||-||75,000|
|Assyrian Genocide||1914 - 1920||Turkey||- Ottomans||- Assyrians||-||750,000|
|Armenian Genocide||April 1915 - 1923||Turkey||- Ottomans||- Armenians||-||1,617,200|
|Pontic Greek genocide||1916 - 1923||Turkey||- Ottomans||- Greek||-||480,000|
|Ukrainian genocide||1932 - 1933||Ukraine||- Russian||- Ukrainian||-||5,000,000|
|Sino-Japanese War||July 7, 1937 - September 9, 1945||China||5,600,000 Chinese||4,100,000 Japanese||0,4217%||21,830,000|
|Gypsy Genocide||1939 - 1945||Germany||- Germans||- Gypsies||-||240,150|
|Holocaust||1939 - 1945||Germany, Poland||- Germans||- Jews of Europe||-||6,000,000|
|Great Purges||March 19, 1946 - March 5, 1953||Russia||- Soviet||- Russian||-||5,000,000|
|1965 Massacres in Indonesia||October 1965||Indonesia||- Muslims||- Communists||-||1,000,000|
|Genocide in Bangladesh||March 21 - December 16, 1971||bangladesh||- Pakistani||- Bangladeshi||-||3,000,000|
|Cambodian genocide||1975 - 1979||Cambodia||- Khmer||- Cambodians||-||1,700,000|
|Kurdish genocide||February 23 - September 6, 1988||Iraq||- Iraqis||- Kurds||-||180,000|
|Genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda||April 7 - July 1994||Rwanda||- tutsis||- hutus||-||800,000|
|Bosnian genocide||July 11 - 13, 1995||Bosnia and Herzegovina||- Muslims, Croatians||- Serbian||-||33,000|
The Gaulic War includes a large massacre of the Celtic population by the Romans who had no pity at that time.
The genocides made by the Ottoman Empire reached 2.8 million humans. Adolf Hitler, who had visited his Ottoman chief at the time, was certainly inspired by this disastrous work. Although Germany had already carried out genocides in Namibia at the beginning of the 20th century.
Some massacres and genocides will remain unknown, such as the possibility of the Amerindian genocide or other Indian tribes of the American continent with the impact of the Spanish conquest. The Philippine genocide. The Bangladeshi genocide.
We could have added all the unwanted indirect deaths, such as famines, dysenteries. The viruses brought back by the Europeans in America who decimated the Amerindians, the Aztecs, the Incas. Slavery, knowing that up to 40% of the slaves died during the travel to America, and then another good part in the fields, under the whip. 14 million Africans have been enslaved.
During the Sino-Japanese War, 2.7 million Chinese civilians died under Japanese bombing.
There were at least 31 million deaths due to massacres and genocides. This represents 1.2% of the world population of 1950.
The biggest genocide remains the Holocaust, it will unfortunately not have prevented the genocides that followed.